Biography and works of Sandro Botticelli an Italian painter of the sixteenth century

Copy of Story of Nastagio by Sandro Botticelli
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Copy by Michel Mancini of the Garden of Delights from Hieronymus Bosch
Biography and works of Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)
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Copy by Michel Mancini of the painting Story of Nastagio from Sandro Botticelli
Copy by Michel Mancini of Story of Nastagio Episod 3
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Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, known as Sandro Botticelli is a painter born between march 1444 and march 1445 in Florence in the district of Ognissanti where his father was a tanner.

He dies in May 1510 in his house of the Via della Porcellana (Porcelain) where is has been working all along his life, without having been married nor having had children.

Botticelli is a nickname (which comes from "botticello" which, in Italian, means little barrel). But it is not known if he received this nickname because he was fat or because he was drinking too much ; other sources indicate that this nickname was given to his elder brother Anthony and latter transmitted to him.

When he is fifteen years old, Botticelli joins, as an apprentice, the atelier of Fra Filippo Lippi (1406-1469), monk and painter of Florence, author of religious paintings where he receives a training making the synthesis between the new control of tridimensional shapes, the delicate expression of faces and gestures, the decorative details (an heritage of latter Gothic period) and an inner style.

In this workshop he works with the painters Antonio del Pollaiuolo and Andrea del Verrocchio and is trained in goldsmith's, engraving and chiselling, which will influence the line of his drawings.

Botticelli is working hard with craftsmen specially with his brother, a goldsmith, with whom he shares his atelier.

In 1481, Botticelli is summoned to Rome by Pope Sixtus IV to decorate the Sistine Chapel, helped by three other great painters.

Due to rivalries existing between the Pope and the Medici family, their patrons, his talent is not recognised.

After painting three great frescos
· the Temptation of Moses
· the Temptation of Christ
· the Punishment of Core
he comes back to Florence, angry for the injustice made to his masterpieces and for having be accused of sodomy, and decides not to leave his native town any more.

As soon as returned to Florence, he paints the Birth of Venus, one of his most beautiful works.

He had as a disciple Filippino Lippi, the son of his master, Fra Filippo Lippi.

For the wedding of his son Giannozzo to Lucrezia Bini, Botticelli's patron, Antonio Pucci ordered a cycle of four paintings for the luxurious decoration of his Florence's Palace where they have been adorning an headboard until 1868.

The three first paintings of the cycle (which are now located at the Prado Museum) relate the story o
f Natagio degli Onesti, a knight from Ravenna, whose beloved initially refused to marry him, finally weds her after all. They are the most decorative of all Botticelli's works.
The fourth one (which is in a private collection and is of a different style of less pictorial qualities) depicts the wedding of Giannozzo Pucci to Lucrezia Bini in Florence.

You will see
on the top a copy by Michel Mancini of the third panel of the Nastagio's cycle where Antonio Pucci is portrayed banqueting amidst his guests amongst the pines,
and at the bottom a marquee of the complete cycle.

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Botticelli Sandro Botticelli biography works Story of Nastagio Nastagio nude woman dogs white horse golden armour armour armor knight banquet feast meal pine wood pines woods wood sea Antonio Pucci Ravenna Scene 1 degli Honesti Prado museum Prado museum Italian painting painting reproductions paintings copies copy reproduction reproductions Michel Mancini master old masters to order commission commissions oil on canvas oil canvas virtual gallery gallery painter painters Italian school school decorative painting fifteenth century Renaissance

- Painting of Sandro Botticelli - Story of Nastagio Scene 1----- Painting of Sandro Botticelli - Story of Nastagio Scene 2----- Painting of Sandro Botticelli - Story of Nastagio Scene 3----- -

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